Fini Leonor

Born in Buenos Aires in 1907 (August 30 – January 18, 1996, Paris)  Leonor grew up in Trieste, Italy, raised by her strong-willed, independent mother, Malvina. She was a virtually self-taught artist, learing anatomy directly from studying cadavers in the local morgue and absorbing composition and technique from the Old Masters through books and visits to museums.

Leonor Fini is considered as one of the most important women artists of the mid-twentieth century, along with Leonora Carrington, Frida Kahlo, Meret Oppenheim, Remedios Varo, and Dorothea Tanning – most of whom Fini knew well. Her career, which spanned some six decades, included painting, graphic design, book illustration, product design (the renowned torso-shaped perfume bottle for Schiaparelli’s Shocking), and set and costume design for theatre, ballet, opera, and film. In this compellingly readable, exhaustively researched account, author Peter Webb brings Fini’s provocative art and unconventional personal life, as well as the vibrant avant-garde world in which she revolved, vividly in life.

Fini’s fledging attempts at painting in Trieste let her to Milan, where she participated in her first group exhibition in 1929, and then to Paris in 1931.

Her vivacious personality and flamboyant attire instantly garnered her a spotlight in the Parisian art world and she soon developed close relationships with the leading surrealist writers and painters, including Paul Eluard, Salvador Dali, Man Ray, and Max Ernst, who became her lover for a time.

The only surrealist she could not abide because of his misogyny was André Breton. Although she repeatedly exhibited with them, she never considered herself as a surrealist. The American dealer Julien Levy, very much impressed by Fini’s paintings and smitten by her eccentric charms, invited her to New York in 1936, where she took part in a joint gallery exhibition with Max Ernst and met many American surrealists, including Joseph Cornell and Pavel Tchelitchew. Her work was included in MoMA’s pivotal Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism exhibition, along with De Chirico, Dali, Ernst, and Yves Tanguy.

In 1939 in Paris she curated an exhibition of surrealist furniture for her childhood friend Leo Castelli for the opening of his first gallery.
Introductions to her exhibition catalogues were written by De Chirico, Ernst, and Jean Cocteau.

A predominant theme of Fini’s art is the complex relationship between the sexes, primarily the interplay between the dominant female and the passive, androgynous male. In many of her most powerful works, the female takes the form of a sphinx, often with the face of the artist. Fini was also an accomplished portraitist; among her subjects were Stanislao Lepri and Constantin (Kot) Jelenski (two of her longtime lovers, with who she lived simultaneously, along with more than a dozen cats), and her friends writer Jean Genet, actresses Maria Casarès, Anna Magnani, Alida Valli, and Suzanne Flon, ballerina Margot Fonteyn, film director Luchino Visconti, artists Meret Oppenheim and Leonora Carrington, and socialites Francesca Ruspoli and Hélène Rochas.
Fini’s love of designing for stage and screen may have derived from her passion for extravagant masks, elaborate costumes, and fantastical drama. She created award-winning set designs, costumes, and posters for the Paris Opera and the Metropolitan Opera Association, George Balanchine’s Le Palais de cristal (now called Symphony in C), Anouilh’s Les Demoiselles de la nuit, Renato Castellani’s Romeo and Juliet, Wagner’s Tannhäuser, Racine’s Bérénice, Jean Genet’s The Maids and The Balcony, Federico Fellini’s 8 1/2, and John Huston’s A Walk with Love, Anjelica Huston’s first film.
Talented, glamorous, and controversial, Leonor Fini was a frequent subject of poems and photographs by many members of her circle, including Charles Henri Ford, Paul Eluard, Georges Hugnet, Erwin Blumenfeld, Dora Maar, Man Ray, Georges Platt Lynes, Lee Miller, Horst, Brassaï, Cecil Beaton, and Henri Cartier-Bresson.

Narcisse Incomparable, 1971, Oil on canvas, 170 x 100 cm


Rencontre / Aurélia, 162
Oil on canvas
63,5 x 98 cm

14 Chats dans la Forêt, 1968
Oil on canvas
92 x 60 cm

démons et sortilèges, huile sur toile, 98,5 x 57,5 cm

Démons et Sortilèges, 1962
Oil on canvas
170 x 100 cm

Asphodèle, 1965
Oil on canvas
100 x 65 cm

Les Amies, 1933
Oil on canvas

Héliogabale, 1940
Oil on canvas

Autoportrait Kot et Sergio, 1955
Oil on panel
50 x 90 cm


M205 Sorcière squelette, 1936, aquarelle et encre sur carton, 46,5 x 30 cm

Sorcière Squelette, 1936
Watercolor and ink on cardboard
46,5 x 30 cm

N°124 femme aux cheveux verts, encre de chine, plume et crayon de couleur sur papier, 24,5 x 16 cm

Femme aux Cheveux Verts, 1965
Chinese ink, feather and colored pencil on paper
24,5 x 16 cm

N°406 Deux personnages - Ferrara, 1978, encre de chine sur papier, 40x30cm

Deux Personnages (N°496), 1978
Chinese ink on paper

Fantastiques, 1983
Chinese ink on paper

Les Elus de la Nuit (RO N°156), 1986
Chinese ink on paper
36,5 x 28,5 cm

Entre le Oui et le Non (1 Personnage / N°386), 1993
Chinese ink on paper
32 x 25cm


Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France

Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Musée de Grenoble, France

Musée de l’Hospice Saint-Roch, Issoudun, France

Tate Modern, London, UK

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy

Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Geneva, Switzerland

Museo d’arte Moderna Revoltella, Trieste, Italy

Miyazaki Prefectural Art Museum, Miyazaki, Japan

Musée d’Art Moderne, Bruxelles, Belgium

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rome, Italy

Théâtre national de l’Opéra, Paris, France

Art Institute of Chicago, IL, USA

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Museo Mario Praz, Rome, Italy

Galleria d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Palazzo Massari, Ferrara, Italy

Important retrospective exhibitions have been devoted to Leonor Fini and his work : In Belgium (1965), in Italy (1983,2005), in Japan (1972-73, 1985-86, 2005), in the U.S.A (Weinstein Gallery, San Francisco, 2001-2002, 2006, 2008 ; CFM Gallery, New York, 1997, 1999), In France at the musée du Luxembourg (1986), at the Dionne gallery (1997), at the galerie Minsky (1998, 1999-2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2007, de 2008 until now ), in Germany at the Panorama Museum, Bad Frankenhausen (1997-98). The Musée d’Hospice Saint-Roch, in Issoudun, présent, since 2008, a permanent exhibition and installation of the “living room of Leonor Fini”.

 In 2007 appears the first biography devoted to Leonor Fini and his work: Leonor Fini, Metamorphosis of an art, Peter Webb, Imprimerie Nationale – Actes Sud. In 2019 will be published the catalog raisonné of the artist.